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Showing posts with label Install Lucid Lynx. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Install Lucid Lynx. Show all posts

Sunday, 22 August 2010

Transform Your Stock Ubuntu 10.04 Install into a Fully Operational Battle Station Operating System

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How-To: Transform Your Stock Ubuntu 10.04 Install into a Fully Operational Battle Station Operating System

r3dux | May 13, 2010
I used to upgrade my Ubuntu distros after each release cycle, but it was never a very pleasant experience… There’d always be mismatched packages and configs, legacy cruft left lying around filling up my root partition, and all sorts of mismatch woes – so I ditched that for separate partitions for my root folder and home folders, and now wipe the root folder with the newest release as and when it’s out.
Because I’ve done this a couple of times over the last few years, I feel I’m getting pretty good at getting the machine up & running with everything I need at a pretty fast pace: maybe a day for all the core stuff, another to tweak the vast majority of everything so I have it as I want, and then just bits and pieces as they come up. This time, I thought I’d make a list of all the things I install (yes, I know you can automatically generate a list of installed packages) – because I also wanted to note why I install ‘em, you know, what are they good for, so the next time I install a fresh system I can just grab it all even quicker.
Now, a stock/standard Ubuntu distro is a pretty good thing – but it doesn’t come with everything you need, so with that in mind, I’d like to present a list of things that I think you also need, and that once you have in place you’ll be able to do most anything you need with your system with just a few clicks. Before you do any of this, it’s a good idea to open up System | Administration | Software Sources and enable the restricted, universe and multiverse repositories as shown below:
Ubuntu Software Sources
With that done, here’s the list of things you’ll likely want to have installed in no particular-order, and only roughly sectioned off into classes (system, sound & media, social networking etc.):
Freely Available In The Ubuntu Repositories
Package Name Why Install It?
System / Developer / Essential
ubuntu-restricted-extras Meta-suite of proprietary software including the Flash plugin, DVD decoding libraries etc.
build-essentials Tools to compile your own/open-source projects
eclipse Multi-Language IDE – coding is good.
codeblocks Another multi-language IDE, I’ve not used it too much as yet, but I hear good things about it…
subversion Version control tool. Useful to checkout code trunks and compile open-source projects yourself
scons Python-based build system – req’d to compile SCons-based projects (More info:
guake Quake-style terminal access for gnome. Awesome stuff. Change the keybindings for copy and paste to Ctrl+C and Ctrl+V for usabilities sake.
nautilus-open-terminal Nautilus script that adds functionality to allow you to right-click on a folder and open a terminal at that point, saves you cd-ing all the way into long paths.
php5 It’s PHP. Version 5. Drags in apache2 with it.
deskbar Search applet for the panel – finds your programs in the menu, amongst a hundred other things. I really couldn’t live without this.
Utility / Office / Comms
thunderbird Thunderbird 3, my email client o’ choice. I’d written a guide for installing it in Ubuntu 9.10, but it’s in the repos in 10.04, so that’s now obsolete…
p7zip-full 7zip archiver. Better compression than zip and a completely open format.
pidgin Multi-chat-format-client (MSN, AOL, YahooMessenger etc.) I don’t like the packed-in empathy client too much…
pidgin-plugin-pack Additional plugins for pidgin.
xchat IRC (Internet Relay Chat) client
Audio / Video
audacity Very good audio editor
ripperx Decent audio CD ripper, use with LAME. Also, it’s the only ripper I’ve found that doesn’t randomly fall over if it doesn’t like a CD… Warning: The current version (v2.7.2) has two bugs which are kinda scuppering it: it doesn’t add ID3 tags to tracks ripped beyond track 10, and it crashes at the end of each disc rip =/ It might be better to use something else for the time being, but I really don’t like SoundJuicer or anything, so I just run MusicBrainz Picard (package name: picard) on any folder of MP3s ripped from a disc to fix up the tags after ripping.
lame The best mp3 codec to rip audio with. Use high quality VBR and the results are superb.
soundconverter Easily convert audio files between formats.
pautils PulseAudio utils, stream choosers, volume controls etc.
gpodder Really good podcast client for gnome: subscribe to Linux Outlaws, This Week in Tech (TWiT) etc..
mplayer Useful to get data to transcode .avi files to to DVDs (see this article if you’re interested).
ccsm Compiz config settings manager – lets you tweak your compiz effects in countless ways…
compiz-fusion-plugins-extra Additional effects for compiz
fusionicon A system tray icon for accessing compiz related settings and switching/reloading window managers. Best to set it to autorun on boot through System | Preferences | Startup Applications.
python-sexy Library used by compiz to extend Gtk widget functionality (read more:
gnome-colors Additional icon themes – more choice is never a bad thing.
screenlets Widget system for the gnome desktop. Grab some more screenlets from here if you like (the NVidia and FuriousMoon screenlets are useful/pretty respectively).
gimp The GNU Image Manipulation Program, which isn’t included on the CD for the first time this release..
gimp-plugin-registry Useful GIMP plugins, including “Save for Web…”, which is a daily-use tool for me…
cheese Mess around w/ your webcam
camera-monitor A panel applet which indicates when your webcam is switched on – so you’ll know if anybody else is messing around with your webcam!
blender 3D modelling package. I WILL learn how to use it this year, fo’ real!
povray An old-school but excellent ray-tracer (creates images by back-tracing light rays from geometry), always good for a mess around. Get povray-examples and povray-docs while you’re at it.
cbrpager A simple comic viewer for gnome
Administration / Files / Network
gadmin A suit of GUIs to administrate things on your system (proftpd, apache, squid etc.)
proftpd FTP server, requires a fair bit of configuration, but I’ve written pretty solid article on it here if you’re interested in hosting files on your own FTP server..
filezilla An excellent FTP client to connect to FTP servers.
sabnzbdplus A really good news group client – download stuff with far more peace of mind than using torrents. I’ve also written a guide for downloading stuff from newsgroups which you can find here if you’re that way inclined…
pypar2 Tool to repair broken/corrupted/incomplete rar files using PAR(ity) files. Use with sabnazbdplus as and when needed.
transmission An excellent bit-torrent client. Don’t forget to: Enable the block list & update it, change encryption settings from “preferred” to “required”, and disable DHT peer exchange (here’s why:
dosbox A legacy PC emulator – run old DOS software if you need to. I use it to fire up ScreamTracker 3 occasionally.
There’s a few other things you might want which aren’t in the standard Ubuntu respositories, too. Such as:
Not Available In The Ubuntu Repositories
Application Name Why Install It? Get From
webmin Tool to administrate your system through a web interface either locally or over the web. Either restrict administration to be from the local network or make your passwords strong if you allow external access from teh Internets!
google-earth Gaze longingly at home, and the pyramids, and other neat stuff on this blue/green sphere.
google-picassa Nice image organiser/basic photo adjustment tool. Can categorise images by faces (poorly) too! [I had to install this from the commandline for some reason. Used: sudo gdebi ./picassa-3_0-blah-blah.deb to install]
virtualbox Virtualisation software so you can run stuff like XP/Vista/Windows 7 from virtually from within Linux. Get this from Sun rather than the OSE (Open Source Edition) in the repositories if you want USB support.
handbrake Simple and yet powerful DVD ripper/video transcoder with a decent GUI. If you’re ripping a DVD just point it at the top level directory of the DVD and hit Open for it to pull in all the .vob files for you. Update: Don’t bother installing version 0.9.4 on Ubuntu 10.04 – it’s broken. Build yourself a working version from the freshest source using this guide!
nautilus elementary Nice transparency effects for Nautilus
ubuntu tweak Tweak ubuntu like a mother-b
You might not need some of that stuff, but for me it turns a good basic install into the real deal that does everything I need. And I absolutely love it :D


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Saturday, 17 July 2010

Ubuntu Desktop Effects FAQ


What is Compiz Fusion?

Compiz is what is known as a "compositing manager." It enables your desktop to run faster than with traditional window managers, and allows you to be more productive. Compiz controls the effects you see on your desktop: Shadows, animations, "the cube," and a whole bundle of other fun effects.
Ubuntu 7.10 with Compiz Fusion enabledImage via Wikipedia

I know if Compiz is enabled (How can I disable Compiz?)

On Ubuntu 7.10 and up:
Open System > Preferences > Appearance. Click on the Visual Effects tab. If Compiz and desktop effects are enabled, NormalExtra, or Custom will be selected. If Compiz is disabled, None will be selected. To switch modes, simply click on another selection. Changes take effect immediately.
Why is my card "Blacklisted?")
What is a quicker way to enable/disable Compiz? - Gourgi

Install the package fusion-icon and reload your session for a notification icon to switch between Compiz and the standard window manager.
How can I install Beryl?

Beryl was merged back into the Compiz project to create what is now know as Compiz Fusion. Beryl is no longer supported or developed meaning that if there is a bug, no one will fix it. Therefore it is recommended that you use Compiz Fusion which comes installed by default in Ubuntu.
How can I get Custom to appear in the Visual Effects dialog?

Custom only appears if the package simple-ccsm is installed. When you install simple-ccsm, a new selection will be available in Visual Effects, which allows you to customize what effects are active on your desktop. You can also customize the effects from System > Preferences > Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager.
Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager doesn't provide enough options or effects. Are there more?

Simple CompizConfig is just that, simple. If you are looking for more options, install the package compizconfig-settings-manager. Be sure to keep simple-ccsm installed so that the Custom option remains available in Visual Effects.

You can also access it from System > Preferences > Advanced Desktop Effects Settings or by opening a terminal (or Alt+F2) and typing ccsm.
I can't find some of the plugins mentioned in this FAQ. Where are they?

As of recent Ubuntu releases, these are now available in compiz-fusion-plugins-extra, which is not installed by default.
Desktop Effects could not be enabled?

See the following thread to find out why:Compiz-Check 
Is compiz for Ubuntu and Kubuntu only?

Nope! Xubuntu has it too!

Just to add, if you want to use emerald for window decorations, don't forget to type in alt+f2:
emerald --replace
The gtk-window-decorator cannot be controlled by Applications > Settings > Settings Manager > Window Manager since it only control xfwm4. However, you can load .cgwdtheme files through the terminal. I recommended emerald since it is really cool.
Where did my window borders go?

This is a common mistake caused by disabling some plugins in CompizConfig Settings Manager. To fix, open the manager (System > Preferences > CompizConfig Settings Manager) and find the "Window Decorations" plugin. Check the box and you're all set.
How can I get the "cube" effect?

(Image) First, install compizconfig-settings-manager. Then, in System > Preferences > Advanced Desktop Effects Settings, go to General Options, Desktop Size tab, and make sure Horizontal Virtual Size is set to 4. Go back to the main window, and enable the Desktop Cube and Rotate Cube plugins.
You can "spin" the cube by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Left and Ctrl+Alt+Right, or hold Ctrl+Alt and click and drag.
What is the "dodge" effect?
How do I beam up my windows to space?

Capt. Picard: Prepare to beam up.
Data: Beaming up in 6 nanoseconds.

Press alt+f2 and type in
(Alternatively, go to System > Preferences > Advanced Desktop Effects Settings in GNOME)

Go to Animations and on the close animation tab, click on the top animation (by default, that would be Glide 2) and press edit. Look for Beam, click ok and close. That's it! Enjoy
What are some other keyboard shortcuts?
How do I install a Compiz plugin from git?

7.10 Gutsy
8.04 Hardy
What is Emerald?

Emerald is a replacement window decorator which supports many more effects than gtk-window-decorator, GNOME's built-in window decorator.
How do I install and enable Emerald?

Install the emerald package from Synaptic.
The package emerald-themes provides some themes to use in 8.04, but it is currently missing from the repositories. Themes must be installed manually for the time being.

To enable Emerald on login, go to System > Preferences > Sessions. Click the Add button, and type in Emerald for Name and emerald --replace for Command. Click OK and close the Sessions window. The next time you sign in, Emerald will be running.
Where can I download additional themes for my desktop?

Themes for Ubuntu (GNOME) can be found at:
Themes for Kubuntu can be found at:
How can I install a custom cursor theme? - Armed Nuke
What is the Mac-like dock I see in some screenshots?

The dock is known as Avant Window Navigator. Instructions on how to install and configure it are available here:

Another dock available is Cairo-dock:
How do I get desktop widgets?

There are several programs which allow you to put widgets on the desktop. The most popular is a program called Screenlets. To install it, open up System > Preferences > Synaptic Package Manager, and search for "screenlets". Install the "screenlets" package that comes up by double clicking on it and clicking apply on the top bar. Once it is installed, go to Applications > Accessories > Screenlets (or System > Preferences > Screenlets) and enable the screenlets that you want.
I really love these Screenlets, are there more?

Of course! You can download screenlets either from the 3rd party Screenlets Repository or from the Gnome-look Screenlets section.
My Screenlets package is outdated, how can I get an up to date package?

Add these to your sources in System > Administration > Software Sources; Third Party Software; Add.
deb gutsy main universe
deb hardy main universe
See for additional sources.
How can I set up different wallpapers for each virtual desktop, with Conky, and get rid of GNOME panels?

Useful Links

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Saturday, 3 July 2010

Nyutech: Six must-have applications for Ubuntu Lucid Lynx

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Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx is on its way for a public release. Here's a list of 6 applications that you must have on your Ubuntu system if you are installing the operating system afresh or if you don't have them already. But before that the basic.

How to install an application in Ubuntu?

a) From Ubuntu Software Center: Go to Applications > Ubuntu Software Center and search for the application or tool in the list. Click install. Can't get any easier. If it's not available in the software center, download a .deb package of the application and run. (Deb packages are Ubuntu or Debian Linux equivalent of .exe installation files in Windows.)

b) Using the Terminal and command line: If you want to be geeky, you can use the command line for installation. Go to Applications > Accessories > Terminal.

Type the command: sudo apt-get install application-name.

If you want to uninstall, replace install with remove: sudo apt-get remove application-name.

Ubuntu restricted extras/Gstreamer plugins

Ubuntu does not ship with in-built support for various media formats such s .mp3, .mp4, flash and Java files. Ubuntu restricted extras will add codec and file to support them and enable you to enjoy your music collection without any hassle.

Gstreamer plugins for adding media support is available in Software Center channel, so it's more convenient to install.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

VLC Media Player

VLC is undisputedly one of the most versatile multimedia player. It will play almost everything: mp3s, videos, flash, CDs and DVDs.

sudo apt-get install vlc

GIMP Image Editor

If you have a digital camera or a phone camera, you should install GIMP. Earlier, it came pre-loaded with Ubuntu, but now it has been categorized as a geeky application that's used by medium to advanced users. That's why it has been kept out of the default applications. GIMP is a Photoshop alternative that comes handy when you need to process your images or makes some interesting collage.

sudo apt-get install gimp

Gnome Do

Starting a new application can sometimes be a pain. You need to first go to the Applications menu, then to the appropriate segment and search for the entry. Launchy or Gnome Do application launchers will ease the pain.

Gnome Do makes the process of launching new applications a breeze. Just start typing the name of the application and hit enter when you get the desired one in the Gnome Do's eye-candy suggestion window. Or else type the first letter and then use down arrow key to choose from the available options. Gnome Do can also be used for searching your files and folders, chatting with friends or sending a tweets, thanks to plug-ins that come with it.

Gnome Do can be dowloaded from the Ubuntu Software Center. Once installed, you will have to configure it on its first run. Click on the small down arrow to choose Settings from the menu. Check "Start Gnome Do at login", "Hide window on first launch" and "Show notification icon" in the General tab.

In the Keyboard tab, you will see that the hot key for calling and hiding Gnome do is set as . What's key? It's the Window or Command key. If you want to change the shortcut to, say, , double click on the shortcut and press the two keys of your choice simultaneously.

In the Plugins tab, choose the ones that you want to activate. In the Appearance tab, you can check "Always show results window". Now your Gnome Do is ready to serve at your slightest hint.
Launchy is another application launcher, but it's lacks some features of Gnome do. The default hot key for calling Launchy is . If you want to be able to use Launchy on top of other applications, click on the configuration icon (looks like a gear) and tick the "Always on top" option.

Launchy is not available in Ubuntu software channel and will have to be
downloaded from its website. If you are using a computer with Inter processor, download Launchy_xx.xx_i386.deb file. If your's is an AMD computer, download Launchy_xx.xx_AMD64.deb. After downloading, run the installer. You will find Launchy in the Applications > Accessories channel after successful installation.

Google Chrome

Google's new web browser is making its place among users with its speed and its growing list of add-ons. Even if you are more comfortable with the default Firefox Web browser, installing Google Chrome will only do good as an alternative browser.
Google Chromeis also not available in the Ubuntu software channel, and will have to be downloaded from its website. Opera is also a good alternative Web browser, with focus on bells and whistles.

Ubuntu Tweak

Though I have listed
Ubuntu Tweak at the end, it's the one which you should install first. Ubuntu Tweak comes handy in easily managing and tweaking the settings of an Ubuntu system. It allows you to install and uninstall applications, choose display settings and manage your desktop settings, among others. It can also be used too install a large number of application (including some of the above listed ones) easily using the graphical interface. It also includes Compiz Settings Manager.

Go to Ubuntu Tweak's download page and use any one of the listed methods for installing the tool. I would suggest you follow the link to download the latest .deb package and run it on your system.

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Saturday, 8 May 2010

Install Dual Boot Windows 7 & Ubuntu Linux 10.04 Lucid Lynx 64bit via USB Tutorial

Tutorial on How-to Install Dual Boot setup with Microsoft Windows 7 and Ubuntu Linux 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx 64bit RC via USB Memory device. I show off the advanced automatic re-partitioning feature of the Ubuntu installer. I also show the very nice desktop wallpaper made by a OSGUI fan known as wally.
Original video production by the Tech Show.


Ubuntu Lucid Lynx 10.04 RC 32bit Screencast How-to Install Video

Review style Screencast on How-to Install and use all the new features of Ubuntu Linux Lucid Lynx LTS 10.04 RC 32bit, demo done inside VirtualBox Virtual Machine in Kubuntu Karmic Koala.
The release candidate for Ubuntu 10.04 "Lucid Lynx", the last testing build before the final version scheduled for release next week, is ready for download: "The Ubuntu team is pleased to announce the Release Candidate for Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Long-Term Support) Desktop. We consider this release candidate to be complete, stable, and suitable for testing by any user."

New features include: Linux kernel 2.6.32, HAL removal, New default open source driver for nVidia hardware, Improved support for nVidia proprietary graphics drivers, Social from the Start, New boot experience, New Indicators, New Themes, Ubuntu One File Syncing, Ubuntu One Music Store, and I demonstrate those new cool things like the Mucic Store in Rythumbox and iPhone and iPod Touch support s built-in.
Original video production by the Tech Show.


Ubuntu 10.04 LTS Lucid Lynx My First Impressions

Yeah, I know. There are about a million blog articles of this nature floating around on the web, but what the heck. Blogging is all about freedom of speech and expression of opinions and ideas. Here's what I've got so far on the Lucid Lynx.

First off, I was amazed by the fact that I could quickly and easily download the ISO for the 32-bit desktop. It was only about 24 hours after the initial release when I gave it a shot, and there were no delays at all. I find torrents obnoxious, so I did the straight download directly from No muss, no fuss. 

I joke that I don't try a new Windows desktop OS until the first service pack is released. That's usually pretty good advice, but even with Linux, I don't download and install a brand new release of a distro on my production machine. In this case, I ran the ISO directly in VMware Workstation 7 to give it a shot. I used the easy install option just for giggles. This bypasses the manual configuration for the OS which isn't always a good idea, but I figured the worst that could happen is that I'd experience a major fubar and have to blow away the VM.

Everything worked well. Installation was quick and the current version of VMware Workstation automatically installs VMware Tools for Linux, so it's an almost totally hands off experience. Then, when the GUI came up, I hit a snag. The mouse worked fine, but the keyboard was totally non-responsive. This could have been an Ubuntu issue, a VMware issue, or maybe wireless Dell keyboards just don't work and play well with Ubuntu. I fired up Google and started my search.

I found just about a ton of posts in different threads at the Ubuntu forums including 
this one and this one. They all give more or less the same advice about solutions, but I specifically referenced a thread dealing with Ubuntu 10.04 and VMware Player, which worked out for me just fine. After using the virtual keyboard option to enter my password, I was able to login and thereafter, my wireless keyboard behaved as expected.

I haven't had a lot of time to play with the Lucid Lynx VM as yet, but there were a few things I took care of right away. First, I installed
Ubuntu Tweak, if for no other reason, than to be able to put a folder for my home directory on the desktop. It offers a lot of other great features as well, but it disappoints me that so many simple configuration options don't come with Ubuntu "off-the-rack".
There are a large number of "what to do after you install Ubuntu 10.04" blogs and tutorials around, and I chose the one featured at because it seemed to be reasonably comprehensive and wasn't afraid to use the apt-get system to tweak Ubuntu.

I didn't follow most of the steps in the tutorial, at least so far, but I did run 
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras to enable Adobe Flash Player, JRE with Firefox plug-ins, and a few other things. I might even get around to installing the Google Chrome browser just to try it out on Linux, but Firefox serves me for now.

Oh, and I installed GIMP, which was a breeze using the Ubuntu Software Centre. I'll post more details as I get the chance to do something more substantial with the Lynx.


Install Gimp 2.6 on Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx

Gimp came standard with the last Ubuntu LTS release (Ubuntu 8.04), but does not come standard with 10.04 Lucid Lynx. See how to install Gimp 2.6 using the new Ubuntu Software Center (somewhat similar to “Add/Remove” in 8.04) available in Lucid Lynx.

Note: This Tutorial shows you how to install Gimp 2.6 on Ubuntu 10.04 using the Ubuntu Software Center. If you would prefer to install this package from the command line use “apt-get install gimp” (this will work for Ubuntu and Debian). If you prefer a clickable interface, then continue with this tutorial.
If you are looking for a way to install GIMP on a different OS, go to for command line code for openSUSE, Fedora, and Mandriva. Click the ’show other downloads’ link, to find links to Mac OS X and/or Windows packages and install codes for Macports and Fink.
Getting and Installing Gimp 2.6 using the Ubuntu Software Center
Go to Applications > Ubuntu Software Center
search “gimp” (in the top right search bar) or under Departments go to “Graphics > Painting & Editing”.
If not already chosen, click “Gimp Image Editor”. Click the “Install” button (on your right hand side).
You will be prompted to enter a password to authenticate. Go ahead and do that now, and then click the “Authenticate” button.
You should see a progress bar above the install button you clicked earlier, once installation has begun.
note: If you are not the admin of the computer you are working on, you will have to go get the password from the admin. You can not complete this step without the password.
Once the installation process is complete, you should see a little green check mark next to the Gimp logo, indicating that this program has been installed.
Close the software center, and launch Gimp (Applications > Graphics > Gimp Image Editor) to test. Now go ahead and have fun with your new image editor :)


Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx Step by step installation

Thanks to the crew at Unixmen we have a simple instalation guide for Ubuntu Lucid Lynx aimed at new users.Ubuntu is a community developed operating system that is perfect for laptops, desktops and servers. Whether you use it at home, at school or at work Ubuntu contains all the applications you'll ever need, from word processing and email applications, to web server software and programming tools.
The latest release of Ubuntu is" Ubuntu 10.04 LTS lucid lynx". If you are new to Ubuntu and you want to install it for the first time, please follow these instructions:
First download the Ubuntu cd from this Link
Run the live cd and follow the instructions as described bellow :

Choose Language:

Install Ubuntu

Choose your Language

Choose your Time Zone

Choose Keyboard layout

When you are in this step, be careful to not erase all the data in your hard drive, There are 3 options to install :
1- If you want to use the entire hard drive to install Ubuntu then select the option one erase and use the entire hard drive


2- Option2 : If you have windows installed in your machine, in this case you will see a 3rd option in the screen above asking you if you want to install Ubuntu by side windows

3- Option3  : If you want to use just a free partition then watch this video to see how to create a new partition to install ubuntu10.04.
Dim lights Embed 

Click install

Installing the system .....

Restart Now and remove your cd.

Enter Your password


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