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Showing posts with label Ubuntu Add software. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ubuntu Add software. Show all posts

Sunday, 18 August 2013

guide to Installing the Latest Nvidia Drivers in Ubuntu 13.04

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Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring Ringtail) has been launched, and some of the problems we had in the past with the Nvidia proprietary drivers have been fixed.The installation has been made a lot easier  users like myself can still do it the old fashion way, in a terminal.

Canonical has opted to enable by default the Nouveau drivers for Nvidia, in Ubuntu 13.04 (Raring Ringtaail). Unfortunately their drivers are not as good as the one developed by Nvidia.

I prefer working with commands so I will give you the way I had did it

Log out of the system and press Ctrl + Alt + F1. Log in into a command line interface, navigate to the folder where you have downloaded the driver, and kill the LightDM display manager:

sudo service lightdm stop
sudo chmod a+x
sudo ./

All you have to do now is wait and follow the on-screen instructions. You might need to perform this operation twice if the Nouveau driver is active. 

When the installation is done, enter the sudo reboot command and enjoy the newest Nvidia drivers.

Saturday, 17 July 2010

Ubuntu Desktop Effects FAQ


What is Compiz Fusion?

Compiz is what is known as a "compositing manager." It enables your desktop to run faster than with traditional window managers, and allows you to be more productive. Compiz controls the effects you see on your desktop: Shadows, animations, "the cube," and a whole bundle of other fun effects.
Ubuntu 7.10 with Compiz Fusion enabledImage via Wikipedia

I know if Compiz is enabled (How can I disable Compiz?)

On Ubuntu 7.10 and up:
Open System > Preferences > Appearance. Click on the Visual Effects tab. If Compiz and desktop effects are enabled, NormalExtra, or Custom will be selected. If Compiz is disabled, None will be selected. To switch modes, simply click on another selection. Changes take effect immediately.
Why is my card "Blacklisted?")
What is a quicker way to enable/disable Compiz? - Gourgi

Install the package fusion-icon and reload your session for a notification icon to switch between Compiz and the standard window manager.
How can I install Beryl?

Beryl was merged back into the Compiz project to create what is now know as Compiz Fusion. Beryl is no longer supported or developed meaning that if there is a bug, no one will fix it. Therefore it is recommended that you use Compiz Fusion which comes installed by default in Ubuntu.
How can I get Custom to appear in the Visual Effects dialog?

Custom only appears if the package simple-ccsm is installed. When you install simple-ccsm, a new selection will be available in Visual Effects, which allows you to customize what effects are active on your desktop. You can also customize the effects from System > Preferences > Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager.
Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager doesn't provide enough options or effects. Are there more?

Simple CompizConfig is just that, simple. If you are looking for more options, install the package compizconfig-settings-manager. Be sure to keep simple-ccsm installed so that the Custom option remains available in Visual Effects.

You can also access it from System > Preferences > Advanced Desktop Effects Settings or by opening a terminal (or Alt+F2) and typing ccsm.
I can't find some of the plugins mentioned in this FAQ. Where are they?

As of recent Ubuntu releases, these are now available in compiz-fusion-plugins-extra, which is not installed by default.
Desktop Effects could not be enabled?

See the following thread to find out why:Compiz-Check 
Is compiz for Ubuntu and Kubuntu only?

Nope! Xubuntu has it too!

Just to add, if you want to use emerald for window decorations, don't forget to type in alt+f2:
emerald --replace
The gtk-window-decorator cannot be controlled by Applications > Settings > Settings Manager > Window Manager since it only control xfwm4. However, you can load .cgwdtheme files through the terminal. I recommended emerald since it is really cool.
Where did my window borders go?

This is a common mistake caused by disabling some plugins in CompizConfig Settings Manager. To fix, open the manager (System > Preferences > CompizConfig Settings Manager) and find the "Window Decorations" plugin. Check the box and you're all set.
How can I get the "cube" effect?

(Image) First, install compizconfig-settings-manager. Then, in System > Preferences > Advanced Desktop Effects Settings, go to General Options, Desktop Size tab, and make sure Horizontal Virtual Size is set to 4. Go back to the main window, and enable the Desktop Cube and Rotate Cube plugins.
You can "spin" the cube by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Left and Ctrl+Alt+Right, or hold Ctrl+Alt and click and drag.
What is the "dodge" effect?
How do I beam up my windows to space?

Capt. Picard: Prepare to beam up.
Data: Beaming up in 6 nanoseconds.

Press alt+f2 and type in
(Alternatively, go to System > Preferences > Advanced Desktop Effects Settings in GNOME)

Go to Animations and on the close animation tab, click on the top animation (by default, that would be Glide 2) and press edit. Look for Beam, click ok and close. That's it! Enjoy
What are some other keyboard shortcuts?
How do I install a Compiz plugin from git?

7.10 Gutsy
8.04 Hardy
What is Emerald?

Emerald is a replacement window decorator which supports many more effects than gtk-window-decorator, GNOME's built-in window decorator.
How do I install and enable Emerald?

Install the emerald package from Synaptic.
The package emerald-themes provides some themes to use in 8.04, but it is currently missing from the repositories. Themes must be installed manually for the time being.

To enable Emerald on login, go to System > Preferences > Sessions. Click the Add button, and type in Emerald for Name and emerald --replace for Command. Click OK and close the Sessions window. The next time you sign in, Emerald will be running.
Where can I download additional themes for my desktop?

Themes for Ubuntu (GNOME) can be found at:
Themes for Kubuntu can be found at:
How can I install a custom cursor theme? - Armed Nuke
What is the Mac-like dock I see in some screenshots?

The dock is known as Avant Window Navigator. Instructions on how to install and configure it are available here:

Another dock available is Cairo-dock:
How do I get desktop widgets?

There are several programs which allow you to put widgets on the desktop. The most popular is a program called Screenlets. To install it, open up System > Preferences > Synaptic Package Manager, and search for "screenlets". Install the "screenlets" package that comes up by double clicking on it and clicking apply on the top bar. Once it is installed, go to Applications > Accessories > Screenlets (or System > Preferences > Screenlets) and enable the screenlets that you want.
I really love these Screenlets, are there more?

Of course! You can download screenlets either from the 3rd party Screenlets Repository or from the Gnome-look Screenlets section.
My Screenlets package is outdated, how can I get an up to date package?

Add these to your sources in System > Administration > Software Sources; Third Party Software; Add.
deb gutsy main universe
deb hardy main universe
See for additional sources.
How can I set up different wallpapers for each virtual desktop, with Conky, and get rid of GNOME panels?

Useful Links

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Monday, 5 July 2010

Ubuntu 9.10 3D Desktop

I got my hands on Thinkpad T400s with a intel gfx and a SSD, grabbed the latest Ubuntu Karmic and tried it out. The major 3D problems on intel gfx seems to be fixed for good.

<a href="">LinkedTube</a>

Linux For The Home PC - 4681
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Sunday, 28 March 2010

Installing IEs4Linux on Ubuntu

Installing IEs4Linux on Ubuntu

Why use Internet Explorer on Ubuntu?

Some people are baffled (even outraged sometimes) at hearing that someone might want to use Internet Explorer (IE) on a Linux distro. With Firefox, Epiphany, Opera, and Konqueror available, choosing Internet Explorer seems to these people ludicrous. There are two main reasons people use IE on Ubuntu:
  1. For web design, you want to be able to preview how the majority of people will see your website
  2. You bank or do business with a site that works in only IE, and Firefox's User Agent Switcher extension just isn't cutting it (by the way, that extension handles a lot—I'd recommend trying it before installing IE)

Installing IEs4Linux on Ubuntu

Go to System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager. You'll be prompted to enter your password. Enter it.

Once Synaptic is open, click on Search. In the new search box, type cabextract and then click Search.
The package cabextract should appear in the search results. Right-click on that package and select Mark for Installation.

Click Search again and this time search for wine and click Search.
Mark the package wine for installation by right-clicking it.
You'll be asked if you want to mark additional required changes. Click Mark to mark them as well.

Click Apply to finally install cabextract, wine, and the additional needed software packages. You'll be asked to confirm the application of changes. Click Apply to confirm.
Synaptic will then download the necessary software installation files.
Once the installation files have been downloaded, Synaptic will also install the downloaded software.
When the software has finished being installed, click Close and then exit Synaptic.

Launch Firefox and search for ies4linux
The IEs4Linux website should be among the first search results.
Once at the IEs4Linux website, scroll down to the download page. As of this writing, the link is called Follow me....
Scroll past the installation instructions. As of this writing the instructions for Ubuntu are outdated. Instead, download the script.

When you click on the download link, Firefox should ask if you want to open the .tar.gz (or compressed file) with the archive manager. You do. So click OK.
Once the archive manager opens up, click Extract to extract the files and folders from the compressed file.
You'll be prompted for where you want to save the extracted files to. It doesn't really matter where you save them, as long as you're able to find them later. In this case, I saved them to my home directory.

Now go to Places > Home (or to the other easy-to-find place you saved them) to get the extracted files.
Double-click on the IEs4Linux folder to enter it (in this case, the folder has the version number at the end of the name, so the exact folder name is IEs4Linux-2.99.0, but that may change, depending on what version is available at the time you install it).
Inside the IEs4Linux folder, double-click the IEs4Linux file, and you should be prompted about what to do with it. You want to Run in Terminal.

You should get a pop-up asking you what options you want (and there are advanced options if you know what you're doing). When in doubt, just go with the defaults and click OK.
The script should pretty much run by itself. I highlighted in these screenshots a couple of places where the script might take a long time and seem stalled, but just be patient—the script will proceed by itself.
When it finally finishes, click Close.

You should now have a launcher icon for Internet Explorer on your desktop. Double-click it, and you can now use Internet Explorer on Ubuntu!
Note: Apparently some Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex) users have been experiencing problems installing IEs4Linux using the above method. For more details, see this Ubuntu Forums thread.
I have tested this tutorial in 8.04 (Hardy Heron) and 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope), though, and it works just fine in those releases.
Disclaimer: If you're concerned about legal issues with installing Internet Explorer in Ubuntu, please read this

How to install popular proprietary software in Ubuntu

How to install popular proprietary software in Ubuntu

Ubuntu is committed to Free software (free in cost and free in licensing restrictions), but in "the real world," most computer users are used to having proprietary or nonfree codecs and support software installed (to use Java, MP3s, Microsoft fonts, etc.), so Ubuntu has included an easy way to install these nonfree items. The free in the word nonfree refers to licensing restrictions, not to cost.
The software package you want to install is called ubuntu-restricted-extras. Unfortunately, there is a bug in Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala) that stops you from being able to install it using the Ubuntu Software Center. So you'll have to install it through Synaptic Package Manager instead.
For those of you still using Ubuntu 9.04 or earlier, you can use Add/Remove to install the ubuntu-restricted-extras package:

Go to Applications and select Add/Remove

Under Show, select All available applications

In the Search box, type restricted and the Ubuntu restricted extras package should appear.

If you haven't already enabled extra software repositories, when you check the box next to Ubuntu restricted extras, you'll be asked if you want to enable the installation of unsupported and restricted software. Click Enable.

Wait for the software information to download.

Finally, click Apply Changes to finally install the nonfree software packages.

You'll be asked to confirm that you want to install Ubuntu restricted extras. Click Apply to confirm the installation.

Wait for Ubuntu to download and install the necessary files.
That's it!
You can find more details here (without all the screenshots).
There are also variations on Ubuntu that include proprietary/nonfree software in the default installation. One popular variation is called Linux Mint.

Useful Copy/Paste Repos List for Ubuntu Karmic Koala 9.10

Repositories store Ubuntu software packages & libraries online. Here's a guide to them, to using access keys, and my own repository list for you to copy & paste.
When you need some package - maybe a library, an application, whatever - just type in the name, it downloads and installs, together with whatever dependent files are required. Hey, it'll even warn you if there's a conflict with other software.
.. so this is a great, safe system.

There are three ways to add extra repositories:-
  • using System > Administration > Synaptic > Settings > Repositories
  • by entering command line directives to the repositories file
  • by editing directly that file, /etc/apt/sources.list
We'll do the latter. In each case, you need a key to use the repo, so we'll get that too.

Ubuntu's Official Repository Guides

Worth a read:-

About My Repository List

Essentially, this list opens up new package choices from Ubuntu Karmic's universe, multiverse, backport and Canonical’s partner sources, as well as adding repositories from some of the most useful vendors. Some you may not want to bother with. I've included a line about what some of these things are for, and linked to where you can find out more.
Fact is, some repos are safer than others. Any doubt, Google it. Nonetheless, my choices are are widely recognized as being safe. For sure I've had no problems and wouldn't recommend what I don't use. Then again, use them at your own risk.
For noobs out there, let me be specific, you are not downloading anything here, except the key to each repository you want to query and, when you update your records at the end of this exercise, the details of what packages are available from those repos (from which, if you like, you can download applications thereafter.)

How to Import Repository Keys

Before you can see what's available in a repo, you have to unlock the resource. So, 10 repos? .. that's 10 keys. Let's get them. Look at the layout of my sources.list file. A typical entry reads:-
1.# Ubuntu Tweak
2.# Must-have Ubuntu configuration tool ..
3.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6AF0E1940624A220
Note the line that begins # sudo apt-key adv. There is your repository-specific key-request command. So, minus the commenting-out #, for each repo you want, paste just that line into your Terminal, like this, hit return and it'll download, unlocking the repo:-
1.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6AF0E1940624A220
.. You can paste a bunch of them in one go, too, pasting something like this:-
1.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6AF0E1940624A220
2.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 89GS8GS
3.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver VSZD7800VZSV788
For each, you'll receive back a message saying the key has been imported.

Editing the /etc/apt/sources.list File

Open and edit your repository file:-
1.gksudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
.. delete its content, or copy that to somewhere else for now if you prefer, (then bin it in a moment anyway.)
Now paste your edited version of my list or, if you like, just copy the lot:-
002.# Ubuntu Karmic Koala 9.10 Repositories, from the_guv @
006.# Ubuntu Karmic
009.deb karmic main restricted multiverse universe
010.deb-src karmic main restricted multiverse universe
011.deb karmic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
012.deb-src karmic-backports main restricted universe multiverse
013.deb karmic-updates main restricted multiverse universe
014.deb-src karmic-updates main restricted multiverse universe
015.deb karmic-security main restricted universe multiverse
016.deb-src karmic-security main restricted universe multiverse
017.deb karmic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
018.deb-src karmic-proposed main restricted universe multiverse
021.# Canonical Commercial
025.deb-src karmic partner
026.deb karmic-backports partner
027.deb-src karmic-backports partner
028.deb karmic-updates partner
029.deb-src karmic-updates partner
030.deb karmic-security partner
031.deb-src karmic-security partner
032.deb karmic-proposed partner
033.deb-src karmic-proposed partner
036.# System Tools
039.# Ubuntu Tweak
040.# Must-have Ubuntu configuration tool ..
041.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6AF0E1940624A220
046.# Productivity
049.# Gnome-do
050.# Mac-like desktop apps dock for improved productivity ..
051.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 28A8205077558DD0
054.# Gnome-Globalmenu
055.# OS X-style global menu  ..
056.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 7889D725DA6DEEAA
059.# Nautilus-dropbox
060.# File syncing online & across machines, with 2Gb space for free ..
064.# Computer Graphics & Themes
067.# Compiz-Fusion
068.# Improved usability with jazzed up graphics ..
069.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2ED6BB6042C24D89
072.# Gnome Icon Theme
074.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2D79F61BE8D31A30
078.# Project Bisigi Themes
079.# Strikingly beautiful Gnome themes ..
080.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6E871C4A881574DE
085.# Web browsers
088.# Chromium Browser
089.# Open-source Webkit browser, for testing Safari and Chrome ..
090.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 5A9BF3BB4E5E17B5
093.# Epihany
094.# Another Webkit browser, for testing Safari and Chrome ..
095.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2D9A3C5B
099.# Firefox
100.# Gecko browser
101.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 632D16BB0C713DA6
103.# This gets latest beta .. for addon conpatability, add bolean to about:config: extensions.checkCompatibility
104.# sudo apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys 247510BE
106.# deb stable non-free
108.# Opera
109.# Presto browser
110.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 033431536A423791
111.deb stable non-free
114.# Communication
117.# Pidgin
118.# Multi-client instant messenger ..
119.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 7FB8BEE0A1F196A8
123.# Media
126.# Medibuntu
127.# Multimedia, entertainment and other distractions ..
128.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2EBC26B60C5A2783
129.deb karmic free non-free
130.deb-src karmic free non-free
132.# VLC Player
133.# Media player, well decked with codecs ..
134.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver D739676F7613768D
138.# Extend with Web Development Packages Tools
141.# Drizzle
142.# Modular relational db optimised for Cloud and Net apps, a MySQL fork ..
147.# Graphics Tools
150.# Shutter
151.# Feature-rich screenshot program ..
152.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 009ED615
157.# Windows/OS Emulators, Translators, Virtualizers, all that
160.# PlayOnLinux
161.# Run Windows wares and games ..
162.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver FC6D7D9D009ED615
163.deb karmic main
165.# Setup a Virtual OS with Virtualbox (sure beats a dual-boot!)
166.# Virtualization software for guest OSes ..
167.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver DCF9F87B6DFBCBAE
170.# Wine
171.# Run Windows apps ..
172.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 58403026387EE263
176.# Package Management
179.# Subversion
180.# Software versioning ..
181.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6298AD34413576CB
186.# Other Applications
189.# Google
190.# Picassa, Google Desktop and maybe other stuff .. er, google it!
191.# sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver A040830F7FAC5991
Save the file.

Updating the Repository Records

1.sudo aptitude update
There will be a bunch of errors because you've not secured the keys for these places.
If you are pushed for time and just want my list in its totality (or even if you don't but don't mind having the odd irrelevant key hanging about in your records), paste this into the terminal as one batch, to save some fiddling about:-
01.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver DCF9F87B6DFBCBAE
02.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6AF0E1940624A220
03.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2EBC26B60C5A2783
04.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 28A8205077558DD0
05.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2ED6BB6042C24D89
06.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 2D79F61BE8D31A30
07.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6E871C4A881574DE
08.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 5A9BF3BB4E5E17B5
09.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 991E6CF92D9A3C5B
10.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver EF4186FE247510BE
11.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 7FB8BEE0A1F196A8
12.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver D739676F7613768D
13.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 4FEC45DD06899068
14.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver FC6D7D9D009ED615
15.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 6298AD34413576CB
Now you've unlocked the resource, don't forget to update:-
1.sudo aptitude update

Still Getting Errors?

Maybe you're getting an error or three, reading something like:-
1.W: GPG error: karmic Release: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY 4FEC45DD06899068
2.W: You may want to run apt-get update to correct these problems
The reason you're getting that, is because you haven't imported the key, for whatever reason, but basically because you have been a thoroughly disorganized chap ;) Or is that me?
Of the error message: that last line - 'You may want to run' - ignore it.
Of the first line: there's a hexidecimal number, in this case '4FEC45DD06899068'.
Remember our key-request command?:-
1.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver SV9D6SVD97967VSD
OK, swap that number on the end for the one in the error message, for each of the error messages, inputting them as before in the Terminal or, for this error:-
1.sudo apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 4FEC45DD06899068
Then have another go:-
1.sudo aptitude update
Next, in Part 9 - Safe-Upgrade 9.10 System & Packages, we'll see the true power of this repository file when we upgrade our core system and packages, before we start having fun adding our favorite wares for work and play.

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