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Showing posts with label Ubuntu Commands. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Ubuntu Commands. Show all posts

Sunday, 18 August 2013

10 Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 13.04

10 Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 13.04





1. Update Repositories
After you install Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail, the first thing you need to do for your Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail is to update repositories and make sure you have the latest updates software installed.
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade
2. Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras
With the Ubuntu Restricted Extras packages you can play popular multimedia file formats on your Ubuntu 13.04
Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras with the following commands
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
3. Install Gnome-Tweak-tool
Gnome Tweak Tool is powerful tweak tool for your Ubuntu 13.04 Raring Ringtail, With Gnome-Tweak-tool you can manage your Ubuntu like: change theme, change icons, chanhe fonts, cange cursor, and etc.
Install Gnome-Tweak-tool with following command:
sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool
4. Install Ubuntu Tweak
Ubuntu Tweak designed to config and tweak Ubuntu easier for user.
Install Ubuntu Tweak with the following commands:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak
5. Install Synaptic Package Manager
Synaptic Package Manager is a GUI package management program for apt. (same features with apt-get in command line)
Install Synaptic Package Manager with following command:
sudo apt-get install synaptic
6. Disable Online Search in Dash
If you don’t like this online search option in your unity. You can turn off this feature, follow the method.
Open Dash and Search “Privacy” and turn off the online search option.
7. Check for Availability of Proprietary Hardware Drivers
Open Dash and Search “software & update” open additional driver tab and install driver if available.
8. Install pidgin
For me “pidgin:The best messenger client”
Install pidgin with the following command
sudo apt-get install pidgin
9. Set up Ubuntu One
Ubuntu One is a free cloud storage service available to everyone. You can get 5GB of space for free. Ubuntu One apps available for iOS, Android, Windows, and OS X
Open dash and search ‘Ubuntu One’ icon on the Launcher and follow the prompts that appear.
If you already have an Ubuntu One account then click the ‘Sign In’ button to syncing your ubuntu one to your new ubuntu machine.
10. Install gimp
I think GIMP is an essential image editing tool for everyone.
Install gimp with the following command
sudo apt-get install gimp

Saturday, 17 July 2010

Beginners Guide to the Ubuntu Terminal

Tux, as originally drawn by Larry EwingImage via Wikipedia












The Terminal window is often a barrier for new Linux users blocking them from effectively using the Linux desktop. Many users have been using point and click methods of desktop navigation since MS-DOS in the 80s. The idea of typing text into a command window can be a bit overwhelming for todays average computer user but it shouldn't be. Today we'll be using the Ubuntu 8.10 desktop which is available for download here
The advantages of using the command-line Terminal to accomplish tasks are great. The speed of using the terminal in a fraction of that it takes to accomplish the same task graphically. Try installing a package using the synaptic package manager. That would include at least six clicks of the mouse and typing in the root password once. Or you could use the terminal by clicking on Applications --- Accessories --- Terminal. (Kubuntu users click Menu --- System --- Konsole, Xubuntu users click Applications --- Accessories --- Terminal) Once you've opened the Terminal with your first click you can type 
sudo apt-get install amarok
Then enter the root password and that's it. You package will be downloaded and installed from the terminal window.
From this example you can see the difference in speed, but another advantage of using the Terminal window is the return you get when something goes wrong. If you're using the GUI desktop to accomplish a task and something happens you generally get a one line description but if you're using the Terminal you will receive a more in-depth description of your problem. Yet another advantage to using the command-line Terminal is the universal element that giving commands holds over using a GUI. As you can see from even trying to locate the Terminal, the path to accomplishing a task with the GUI may vary when you're using Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu etc. While Terminal commands aren't always the same in different distributions, you can issue the same commands for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Edubuntu, Xubuntu and count on their effectiveness.
If you prefer to point and click instead of typing any commands into the Terminal you may find shelter under a few other Linux distributions like Mepis, Linspire and a few others. And also this all depends on what you use your computer for. If you play Solitaire and use the Internet to interact with your friends and that's it, it's possible you may never need the Terminal window on Ubuntu.
Lets take a look at some very simple commands on the Ubuntu desktop that will allow us to effectively accomplish some small tasks. After you've opened the Terminal window you can start typing in the commands. Below is a list of some useful commands and what they are used for.
  • sudo command – run command as root
  • apt-get - used to install, remove, upgrade and more.
Movement In The directory
  • cd - Change Directory
  • pwd - Print Working Directory

Managing Files and Text
  • cp - Copy
  • ls - List
  • mkdir - Make Directory
  • mv - Move
  • rm - Remove
  • grep - Search for Text Strings
  • head - Display Start of File
  • less - Display Part of File
  • more - Display Part of File
  • tail - View the End of a File
Managing System and Program Information
  • cal - Calendar
  • date - Date
Troubleshooting
  • fsck - File System Check

Managing Network Connections
  • chkconfig - Check Activated Services
  • ping - Test Network Connections
  • ftp - file Transfer Protocol
  • host - Check IP of Domain
  • ifconfig - Configure Network Devices
  • netstat - Display Routing Table
  • route - Set Routes
  • telnet - Connect to telnet
  • traceroute - Display Route

Manage Drives and Formats
  • mount - Mount a Drive
  • umount - Unmount Drive
  • fdisk - Format Disk
  • dd - Dupliate Disk
  • df - Disk Free Space

Managing Rights to Files and Directories
  • chmod - Change Mode
  • su - Switch User

Managing Users and Groups
  • passwd - Create Password
  • groupadd - Add a Group
  • groupmod - Modify a Group
  • chgrp - Change Group
  • groupdel - Delete Group




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