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Showing posts with label proprietary software Ubuntu. Show all posts
Showing posts with label proprietary software Ubuntu. Show all posts

Sunday, 28 March 2010

Using Wine on Ubuntu

Using Wine on Ubuntu


What is Wine?
Wine is a program that offers a compatibility layer allowing Linux users to run some Windows-native applications inside of Linux. Wine is not the ideal. Ideally, you should find native Linux applications. You can use Ubuntu's software package manager to search for easily installable native Linux apps, or you can explore OSalt or Linux App Finder to find alternatives for specific Windows programs.
Not all Windows applications run in Wine. And some that do require extra configuration in order to work. You may want to consult the Wine HQ app database to see if the Windows application you're thinking of installing through Wine will work well with Wine or not. Platinum-rated applications will work with no extra configuration. The example on this page is a platinum-rated application.
Installing Wine
The installation of Wine is the same as for most software. These screenshots give you a basic overview of the steps. If you're unfamiliar with how software package management works in Ubuntu, you can find more details about it here.

Using Wine

Right-click the setup.exe for the Windows program you want to install. In this case, I went to the Sumatra PDF website and downloaded the installer file called SumatraPDF-0.9.3-install.exe and right-clicked it.
In the context menu that appears, select Open with "Wine Windows Program Loader"

Do the usual next-next-next you'd normally do with a Windows program installer.

To launch the installed Windows program, go to Applications > Wine > Programs and then find the menu item for the Windows program you just installed.

The program should launch and be ready for use!
Please note
I purposely used Sumatra PDF as an example, because it is a platinum-rated Windows application, and this is just an orientation to the basics of how to use Wine. If you are planning to install a Windows program that is gold-rated, silver-rated, or bronze-rated, be prepared to do some extra configuration, and try to look for a Wine tutorial specific to that application. Or, better yet, find a native Linux alternative instead of using a Windows program.

How to install popular proprietary software in Ubuntu

How to install popular proprietary software in Ubuntu

Ubuntu is committed to Free software (free in cost and free in licensing restrictions), but in "the real world," most computer users are used to having proprietary or nonfree codecs and support software installed (to use Java, MP3s, Microsoft fonts, etc.), so Ubuntu has included an easy way to install these nonfree items. The free in the word nonfree refers to licensing restrictions, not to cost.
The software package you want to install is called ubuntu-restricted-extras. Unfortunately, there is a bug in Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala) that stops you from being able to install it using the Ubuntu Software Center. So you'll have to install it through Synaptic Package Manager instead.
For those of you still using Ubuntu 9.04 or earlier, you can use Add/Remove to install the ubuntu-restricted-extras package:


Go to Applications and select Add/Remove

Under Show, select All available applications

In the Search box, type restricted and the Ubuntu restricted extras package should appear.

If you haven't already enabled extra software repositories, when you check the box next to Ubuntu restricted extras, you'll be asked if you want to enable the installation of unsupported and restricted software. Click Enable.

Wait for the software information to download.

Finally, click Apply Changes to finally install the nonfree software packages.

You'll be asked to confirm that you want to install Ubuntu restricted extras. Click Apply to confirm the installation.

Wait for Ubuntu to download and install the necessary files.
That's it!
You can find more details here (without all the screenshots).
There are also variations on Ubuntu that include proprietary/nonfree software in the default installation. One popular variation is called Linux Mint.

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