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Showing posts with label ubuntu setup. Show all posts
Showing posts with label ubuntu setup. Show all posts

Wednesday, 18 November 2015

Ubuntu 15.04 and 15.10 Wallpaper

At first glance you may find little has changed from the origami-inspired ‘Suru’ design shipped with April’s release of Ubuntu 15.04. But look closer and you’ll see that the new default background does feature some subtle differences.
For one it looks much lighter, helped by an orange glow emanating from the upper-left of the image. The angular folds and sections remain, but with the addition of blocky, rectangular sections.
The new background has been designed by Canonical Design Team member Alex Milazzo.

Saturday, 19 October 2013

Software Scripts

Software Scripts

Ubuntu Software Scripts are simple to use for automating the the installation of software addons and plugins. I use a number of the scripts below to configure addons for Gimp that open up a whole new world of functionality within Gimp.

Also check out the LibreOffice scripts to make sure you get the full range of functionality from your office software. If you know of some scripts I have overlooked please contact me with links to your favorite scripts.

Easy Ubuntu scripts (Collection)

Collection Of Gimp Scripts

Tried and true Nginx init script.

Groovy Uno Office Scripts

TuxLite scripts

Sunday, 29 August 2010

Facebook, Twitter & Ubuntu Lucid Lynx

Former Ubuntu logo. New version at File:Ubuntu...
PCs running Ubuntu will be getting more social thanks to changes that will set the popular Linux distro's look and feel for the next five years.
Lucid Lynx, released last April, will bring social applications like Twitter and Facebook directly into the software, Ubuntu founder Mark Shuttleworth has said in an interview here.

Apparently, the idea is to merge the desktop and online worlds, so people don't have to fire up their browser or a separate application to use their social applications.

Also coming is what Shuttleworth called "new styling" for the Lucid Lynx desktop. He didn't provide further details, but Shuttleworth has been a consistently keen advocate of the need to improve the design, not just the user experience, of Linux through Ubuntu.

"There will be some shiny, new bling on the desktop - we will have some new styling, which is going to be the starting point of another five-year view. We've bee human for the last five years - now we are going to be light oriented," Shuttleworth told Dell's cloud computing evangelist Barton George.

Shuttleworth also promised big changes for the version of Ubuntu targeting netbooks after Lucid Lynx.
Shuttleworth on March 1 will step down as chief executive of Canonical, the commercial sponsor of Ubuntu, and take on a more technology oriented role, working on Ubuntu. He said he's putting "a lot of time" into the Ubuntu Netbook Remix, saying it will go through what he called a period of rapid evolution in the next cycle after Lucid Lynx.

He also claimed that Linux - and particularly Ubuntu - is growing on netbooks in the wake of Microsoft's release of Windows 7 and the disappearance of Windows XP.

"There was some speculation around the death of the netbook," Shuttleworth said. "We haven't seen that. With Windows 7 out there, people have a real choice between free software and proprietary software, and it turns out free software is a popular choice.

"The share of Linux on netbooks seems to be growing now that XP's getting downplayed and we want to be right in the thick of that."
He was also optimistic about uptake of Ubuntu on mobile devices like smart books and said he was starting to see innovation around ARM-based devices since the release of Ubuntu 9.4 that officially put the disto on this hardware architecture popular in mobile devices.

Ahead of that, Lucid Lynx will have a "strong focus" on cloud, which as an LTS release is a major milestone. Lucid Lynx will rollout as people put into production the clouds they've built and tested on features that were introduced in Ubuntu last year for users to build Amazon EC2 images on their Linux systems.
You can get the full Shuttleworth experience here.

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How to Install GNOME 3 (GNOME-Shell) in ubuntu 10.4 Lucid Lynx

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GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) is a desktop environment created for the operating system
GNU / Linux Desktop Environment is recognized as the official GNU project. With the announcement of version 3.0 was introduced GNOME-Shell, which integrates various functions into a 'single window.  The desktop area is divided into several parts depending on the activities and workspaces is dynamic: you can add or remove workspaces and you can move any applications in different areas of work, as already happens with Compiz.

Now you can see How  to install GNOME on  Ubuntu 10.4 Lucid Lynx

     First  you have to install
all the dependencies needed to successfully build and run gnome-shell.

     $ sudo apt-get build-dep gnome-shell

   After installing all the packages necessary steps for installing veritable gnome-shell

     $ sudo apt-get install gnome-shell

 Once installed, you can start GNOME-Shell by typing the following command in a terminal:

     $ gnome-shell --replace

GNOME-Shell is still under development and therefore very unstable.
Try it in your Test machine or in a Virtual machine.

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Monday, 26 July 2010

"WOW" All in one script to tweak Ubuntu after a fresh installation!

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I had a few fresh installs of Ubuntu 10.4 Lucid lynx to complete this week for friends and family, usually i go through the normal adding repositories to the sources list and installing the usual software we all need to operate our daily computer lives. I came across the information below from the boys at WebUpd8, I have run the script provided and feel it saved me some time. Hope you like it too!

A new version of "What to do after installing Ubuntu? Run this script!" has been released. The script now has an actual name: "Ubuntu 10.04 Start".

For those who've used the first release of the script: since a few versions ago, you can select which applications to install and which tweaks to apply from this script so if there's something you don't like, all you have to do is not select it!

Instead of a changelog, I'm going to list all the features again:
  • Adds extra repositories: Ubuntu restricted, extras, Medibuntu, Getdeb, Dropbox (only if you select to install Dropbox)
  • Installs from repositories: The GIMP, Pidgin, WINE, Choose between the best 3 docks for Linux (Docky, Cairo Dock and Avant Window Navigator), Install Google Earth, Bisigi Themes, Community themes (and extra community themes), Chromium browser, Gnome Do, Guake, VLC media player, Mplayer, SMplayer, Thunderbird, Dropbox, Codecs (multimedia, java, flash), additional archives support, DVD support and fonts, Ubuntu Tweak, Deluge Torrent, CompizConfig Settings Manager, Development tools (from build-essential to Subversion, GIT and so on).
  • Downloads and installs the following: Google Chrome browser (will download the build for 32 or 64 bit, depending on your Ubuntu version), official smiley themes for Pidgin (for all the protocols), the latest Flash Player for 64bit via Adobe's website, Skype (32 or 64bit, depending on your Ubuntu version).
  • Tweaks:

    • Move window buttons to the right (Karmic style)
    • Change Update Manager behavior to the one in Jaunty
    • Remove mounted drive icons from desktop
    • Disable the GDM login sound
    • Enable the icons in menus and buttons
    • Disable the GDM login user list
    • Remove the ubuntu-docs package (frees up 252MB)
    • Change Gnome Calendar first day of the week from Sunday to Monday
    • Downloads, installs and configure sharp fonts (starting with version 0.4.5: also installs sharp fonts for Firefox)
    • Fix 'apt-get update' delay for Google repository
    • Automatically mount NTFS drives on startup

  • Option to reset any changes made by the tweaks (tweaks only!) (stating with version 0.4.5)
  • Automatically accepts the JAVA and Google Earth license so you don't have to
  • The Medibuntu server is currently down which made me develop a new feature: the script now tests the main Medibuntu server and 2 other mirrors and adds whichever of these 3 is working.
  • Lots of checks to make sure you run the script proprely: will check if the script is ran as root, if Synaptic, apt-get, dpkg or Software Center is running and will ask you to close it before running the script, checks the internet connection to make sure you can actually install the packages, etc.
The new version also fixes lots of bugs from the previous version.

Update: I've updated this post with a new version which also comes with multiple language support:
  • Czech - Translation submitted by clever fox
  • German - Translation submitted by Sebastian
  • French - Translation submitted by astromb
  • Slovak - Translation submitted by enjoy
  • Spanish - Translation submitted by Vicente. Also many thanks to CokiDVD and Ezequiel
  • Italian translation by Lippol94 (, Santiago (
  • Polish translation by buczyw. Also many thanks to Jacek
  • Japanese translation by Yuya Saito (
  • Dutch translation by Raoul
  • Portuguese (PT) translation by FatGiant
  • Malaysian translation by akmalhisyam (
  • Galician translation by Jose Basalo
  • Turkish translation by bsod1 (
  • Korean translation by J.Park
  • Brazilian Portuguese translation by Benjamim and lau
  • Catalan translation by Joan Padrosa
  • Estonian translation by Magnus
  • Simplified Chinese translation by Iven Day
  • Bahasa Indonesia translation by antok
  • Asturian translation by iñigo
  • Romanian translation
  • Slovenian translation by summerb0y
  • Arabic translation by sub7ei
  • Swedish language by Abhijit
  • Traditional Chinese translation by Robert D. Wei
  • Vietnamese translation by Duy Thang
  • Urdu translation by Shoaib Mirza
  • Danish translation: Lars S. Hansen
  • Latvian translation by Linards Liepiņš (
  • Russian translation by XRain -
  • Lithuanian translation by Edmundas Ciucko

Why would you want to use Ubuntu 10.04 Start?

The main purpose of this script is to speed up configuring Ubuntu 10.04 immediately after you've just installed it. This includes both installing popular applications and codecs as well as fixing some annoyances in Ubuntu 10.04.

You can search for each package in Synaptic or Ubuntu Software Center and manually install it. But then you'll also need to go to the Skype website and manually download and install it (Skype is no longer available in the Medibuntu repository), the same for Google Chrome, and so on. You can also use Ubuntu Tweak for some tweaks (but only a few of the tweaks in this script). But this script combines the most popular tweaks which are not available in a single application with installing common packages which almost everyone uses, so the time spent configuring Ubuntu 10.04 is decreased dramatically.

The script should also help new Ubuntu users since the script configures lots of things without any input from the user (such as automounting NTFS drives on startup and so on).

Download and run the Ubuntu 10.04 Start script

Remember it's not recommended running a script without knowing exactly what it does, so I invite you to look at the code before running it.

Note: The script comes with no guarantees. Use at your own risk!

To install Zenity (required by the script), download and run the script, copy / paste the following commands in a terminal:
sudo apt-get install zenity
tar -xvf ubuntu-10.04-start-
cd ubuntu-10.04-start/
sudo ./ubuntu-10.04-script

You can also manually download the latest version from

A few explanations on the tweaks:

Move window buttons to the right (Karmic style) - will move the Metacity window buttons to the right side, in the following order: Minimize, Maximize, Close

Change Update Manager behavior to the one in Jaunty - Ubuntu 9.04 (and newer) introduced a change to the handling of package updates, launching update-manager directly instead of displaying a notification icon in the GNOME panel. Users will still be notified of security updates on a daily basis, but for updates that are not security-related, users will only be prompted once a week. This tweak makes the update-manager not pop-up, but always show the updates in the notification area.

Remove mounted drive icons from desktop - removes ntfs and usb drives from the desktop; usually when mounting a drive it shows up on the desktop

Disable the GDM login sound - all the sounds in Ubuntu can be turned off from a GUI except this one. This is the sound produced when the GDM login screen loads.

Enable the icons in menus and buttons - the icons in menus and buttons were removed in Gnome 2.28 (starting with Ubuntu Karmic). However, up until Lucid, users were able to enable these from the Appearence dialog preferences. This is no longer possible so use this tweak instead.

Disable the GDM login user list - in Lucid, the user list is displayed in the GDM login screen (which IMO is a security concern). This fix will make no user show up in this list, and for logging in you must enter your username and password manually.

Change Gnome Calendar first day of the week from Sunday to Monday tweak - Gnome Calendar comes with Sunday as the first day of the week. This tweak fixes this for non-US citizens.

Remove the ubuntu-docs package (frees up 252MB): removed the ubuntu-docs package to free up 252 MB of disk space.

Install and configure sharp fonts: info about this feature, here:

Fix 'apt-get update' delay for Google Chrome repository - when downloading Google Chrome .deb, it automatically adds the Google repository. The same goes for Picasa, etc. This repository has a known issue which cause "sudo apt-get update" to take a very long time to complete. This tweak fixes this issue.

Add additional repositories (GetDeb, Medibuntu etc.) - Adds the following repositories: Getdeb, Medibuntu, Ubuntu universe and multiverse and lucid partner.

Note: I am no expert at BASH, so the script code will look very unpolished to some. But it works :)


Want to help translate this script? We've set up a simple, plain text file which you can help translate. See THIS post.

Report bugs or ask for new features (suggestions) in this post or @ Launchpad.

Update: Ubuntu 10.04 Start is now also available @ Softpedia.

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Saturday, 17 July 2010

Beginners Guide to the Ubuntu Terminal

Tux, as originally drawn by Larry EwingImage via Wikipedia

The Terminal window is often a barrier for new Linux users blocking them from effectively using the Linux desktop. Many users have been using point and click methods of desktop navigation since MS-DOS in the 80s. The idea of typing text into a command window can be a bit overwhelming for todays average computer user but it shouldn't be. Today we'll be using the Ubuntu 8.10 desktop which is available for download here
The advantages of using the command-line Terminal to accomplish tasks are great. The speed of using the terminal in a fraction of that it takes to accomplish the same task graphically. Try installing a package using the synaptic package manager. That would include at least six clicks of the mouse and typing in the root password once. Or you could use the terminal by clicking on Applications --- Accessories --- Terminal. (Kubuntu users click Menu --- System --- Konsole, Xubuntu users click Applications --- Accessories --- Terminal) Once you've opened the Terminal with your first click you can type 
sudo apt-get install amarok
Then enter the root password and that's it. You package will be downloaded and installed from the terminal window.
From this example you can see the difference in speed, but another advantage of using the Terminal window is the return you get when something goes wrong. If you're using the GUI desktop to accomplish a task and something happens you generally get a one line description but if you're using the Terminal you will receive a more in-depth description of your problem. Yet another advantage to using the command-line Terminal is the universal element that giving commands holds over using a GUI. As you can see from even trying to locate the Terminal, the path to accomplishing a task with the GUI may vary when you're using Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Xubuntu etc. While Terminal commands aren't always the same in different distributions, you can issue the same commands for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Edubuntu, Xubuntu and count on their effectiveness.
If you prefer to point and click instead of typing any commands into the Terminal you may find shelter under a few other Linux distributions like Mepis, Linspire and a few others. And also this all depends on what you use your computer for. If you play Solitaire and use the Internet to interact with your friends and that's it, it's possible you may never need the Terminal window on Ubuntu.
Lets take a look at some very simple commands on the Ubuntu desktop that will allow us to effectively accomplish some small tasks. After you've opened the Terminal window you can start typing in the commands. Below is a list of some useful commands and what they are used for.
  • sudo command – run command as root
  • apt-get - used to install, remove, upgrade and more.
Movement In The directory
  • cd - Change Directory
  • pwd - Print Working Directory

Managing Files and Text
  • cp - Copy
  • ls - List
  • mkdir - Make Directory
  • mv - Move
  • rm - Remove
  • grep - Search for Text Strings
  • head - Display Start of File
  • less - Display Part of File
  • more - Display Part of File
  • tail - View the End of a File
Managing System and Program Information
  • cal - Calendar
  • date - Date
  • fsck - File System Check

Managing Network Connections
  • chkconfig - Check Activated Services
  • ping - Test Network Connections
  • ftp - file Transfer Protocol
  • host - Check IP of Domain
  • ifconfig - Configure Network Devices
  • netstat - Display Routing Table
  • route - Set Routes
  • telnet - Connect to telnet
  • traceroute - Display Route

Manage Drives and Formats
  • mount - Mount a Drive
  • umount - Unmount Drive
  • fdisk - Format Disk
  • dd - Dupliate Disk
  • df - Disk Free Space

Managing Rights to Files and Directories
  • chmod - Change Mode
  • su - Switch User

Managing Users and Groups
  • passwd - Create Password
  • groupadd - Add a Group
  • groupmod - Modify a Group
  • chgrp - Change Group
  • groupdel - Delete Group


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